The region of Karaburun is a key site for many endemic and Tertiary relict plant species (e.g. Hypericum haplophyloides, Leucojum valentinum subsp. vlorense, Taxus baccata, Aesculus hippocastanum, Quercus ithaburensis subsp. macrolepsis, etc.), with the first two of these being strictly endemic. Cave-dwelling bats, large terrestrial mammals, and aquatic and marine mammals (including all three European dolphins, Otter Lutra lutra and Monk Seal Monachus monachus) are also frequent here.